Nebulizer Parts

A nebulizer system or nebulizer kit is used to perform nebulization. The most often used nebulizer parts are jet nebulizers, which have four major elements.

1. Compressor

The compressor is the component that powers the nebulizer system. It’s a device that uses a nozzle attached to the tubing to drive ambient/outside air through the nozzle. A power source is connected to the compressor.

2. Tubing

The tube transports pressured air from the compressor to the medication cup, which vapourizes, aerosolizes, or mists the liquid medicine.

3. Medication cup

The liquid medicine is poured into this container. The liquid medicine is turned to aerosol or mist in this cup by pressured air fed through the tubing by the compressor.

4. Face mask/ Mouthpiece

The face mask, also known as a mouthpiece, is the portion that the patient wears and through which the pharmaceutical mist is inhaled. If you’re going to wear a face mask, make sure it’s snug. If you’re using a mouthpiece, be sure it’s securely positioned between your teeth and that your lips completely cover it.

5. Nebulizer filter

Filters for nebulizers are an integral component of the nebulizer system. The ambient air or oxygen is compressed and pumped via nebulizers, which aids in the conversion of liquid medicine into aerosolized medicines. Before entering the medication cup, the compressed air travels through a filter, which helps to eliminate particulate particles. The filter should be examined and replaced on a regular basis.


For optimal functioning, a nebulizer, like any other machine, must be regularly maintained. To avoid bacterial growth and illness, it is critical to clean and disinfect the nebulizers and their accessories. Furthermore, when parts wear out, they must be replaced.

1. Compressor

A dry cloth should be used to wipe the compressor from the exterior on a regular basis. The body of the compressor should never be opened. The technician, not the user, should disassemble and repair the compressor’s internal components.

2. Medication cup chamber

It should be cleaned after each procedure and replaced every three months, according to the cleaning instructions in the equipment manual.

3. Tubing

It should be checked for any liquid droplets on a regular basis and replaced every three months. If any liquid has entered the tube, use the compressor to pump air into it (without the medication cup attached) to totally expel any liquid droplets.

4. Face mask/ Mouthpiece

It should be cleansed and disinfected after each nebulization and changed every three months.

5. Nebulizer filter

The filter is thrown away. When it discolours, i.e. when the colour changes from white to yellow, it should be changed. It should not be washed, reused, or replaced with anything else.

Managing breakdown of the Nebulizer

  • If the patient uses the nebulizer frequently, it’s a good idea to keep an extra kit on hand.
  • Keep all information regarding the nebulizer you’re using on hand so you can get a replacement right away.
  • In the event of an emergency, contact your doctor or a healthcare specialist for assistance.
  • Keep any contact information for a pharmacy or medical store that can swiftly offer a nebulizer device on hand in case it is needed.

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