A Lymphedema Pump is a pneumatic compression system with a sequential gradient pressure that is used to treat lymphedema.
Intermittent – Not continuous pressure, rhythmic, steady contractions
Pneumatic – Compression is from air
Sequential – The garment’s multiple chambers inflate in sequence
Gradient Pressure – As the pressure drops from chamber to chamber, the fluid is forced out of the limb. A Lymphedema Pump, like manual massage, mimics the physiological and anatomical concepts of the lymphatic system. The Lymphedema Pump has been shown to reduce limb volume and increase lymphatic function in patients with lymphedema. The majority of lymphedema pumps are lightweight, compact, simple to use, and affordable. They can be used in a hospital or at home.
Lymphedema Pump Features:
- Pain is lessened.
- Edema should be reduced (swelling)
- Promote lymphatic movement by transferring fluid in the correct direction (from the hands and/or feet to the heart) by mimicking the lymphatic system.
- To aid wound healing, increase circulation.
- Maintain a constant flow of information.
Lymphedema Pump Types:
Lymphedema Pumps and Sleeves are available in three different styles.
- The first is a non-programmable, single-chambered model that applies pressure to a non-segmented garment. This device appears on the left side of the spectrum and is the model that Medicare prefers and has the greatest likelihood of being approved for reimbursement. It is the most affordable alternative and is effective for the majority of lymphedema patients. The ArjoHuntleighFlowtronHydroven 3 is an example of this type of lymphedema system.
- The following style is also non-programmable, but it includes multi-chambers, sequential inflation, and segmented garments. Compression therapy may start at the distal end of the limb and work its way up to the torso with sequential inflation. Lymph fluid is forced out of the tissues and up the limb by this “milking” action. The majority of these devices are bilateral, allowing you to apply compression to several limbs at once. These devices appear in the continuum’s heart. The Bio Compression SC2400 is an example of this type of lymphedema system.
- The third form of lymphedema compression machine is programmable and can be single or multi-chambered, with sequential inflation. Many of these pumps often have gradient compression, in which the pressure is stronger at the distal end of the limb and progressively decreases toward the proximal end. Segmented garments with multiple air pockets are used in this form. They also have bidirectional functionality. They are the most expensive instruments used to treat lymphedema and appear on the far right of the spectrum. The ArjoHuntleightFlowtron FPR and the Bio Compression SC3400 are two examples of this type of lymph compression unit.
A lymphedema pump is the most effective way to minimise swelling during the early stages of treatment and to slow the development of the disease in the long run. The majority of them can be used independently (on one limb) or bilaterally (on both limbs) (two limbs). Aside from reducing the size of the limb and improving lymphatic function, having a lymphedema pump at home has another benefit: care is available 24 hours a day.
Lymphedema Pump Contraindications:
The use of compression systems for lymphedema has few contraindications. If any of the following conditions occur in the patient, compression pumps and sleeves should not be used to avoid or treat lymphedema symptoms.
- Congestive heart disease causes edoema.
- Aortic insufficiency is a serious condition.
- Phlebitis that is active
- Thrombosis of the deep veins
- Infection in a specific area of the wound
- Cellulitis19 is a form of local malignancy.
- Anticoagulant therapy is being used.
- Easy to use
- Offers long-term maintenance can provide treatment equal in edoema reduction outcome to in-clinic methods can maintain edoema reduction after discharge from in-clinic sessions
- Reduces the risk of cellulitis by stimulating lymph uptake, propulsion, and movement, as well as protein transport in lymph fluid, which mimics the lymphatic system and causes lymph fluid to migrate away from the limb and into the torso.
- Patient pain is reduced, as is patient discomfort.
- Enhances the patient’s quality of life
- Improves resource efficiency
Individuals with active infection, metastatic disease, or lymphedema caused by radiation should not use Lymphedema Pump. Severe arterial insufficiency, edoema from congestive heart failure, phlebitis, deep vein thrombosis, or a localised wound infection or cellulitis are all contraindications to CVI.
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